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»Css Basics
You are viewing Chapter 7 of 18 Chapters for Css Basics/Tutorials. View all Chapters
Chapter 1: Introduction to CSS
Chapter 2: CSS Syntax
Chapter 3: CSS Classes
Chapter 4: CSS IDs
Chapter 5: CSS Divisions
Chapter 6: CSS Spans
Chapter 7: CSS Margins
Chapter 8: CSS Padding
Chapter 9: CSS Text Properties
Chapter 10: CSS Font Properties
Chapter 11: CSS Anchors, Links and Pseudo Classes
Chapter 12: CSS Backgrounds
Chapter 13: CSS Borders
Chapter 14: CSS Ordered & Unordered Lists
Chapter 15: CSS Width and Height Properties
Chapter 16: CSS Classification
Chapter 17: CSS Positioning
Chapter 18: CSS Pseudo Elements
Chapter 7: CSS Margins

Inherited: No
As you may have guessed, the margin property declares the margin between an (X)HTML element and the elements around it. The margin property can be set for the top, left, right and bottom of an element. (see example below)

margin-top: length percentage or auto;
margin-left: length percentage or auto;
margin-right: length percentage or auto;
margin-bottom: length percentage or auto;


As you can also see in the above example you have 3 choices of values for the margin property

length
percentage
auto

You can also declare all the margins of an element in a single property as follows:

margin: 10px 10px 10px 10px;

If you declare all 4 values as I have above, the order is as follows:
1. top
2. right
3. bottom
4. left

If only one value is declared, it sets the margin on all sides. (see below)

margin: 10px;

If you only declare two or three values, the undeclared values are taken from the opposing side. (see below)

margin: 10px 10px; /* 2 values */
margin: 10px 10px 10px; /* 3 values */


You can set the margin property to negative values. If you do not declare the margin value of an element, the margin is 0 (zero).

margin: -10px;

Elements like paragraphs have default margins in some browsers, to combat this set the margin to 0 (zero).

p {margin: 0;}

Note: You do not have to add px (pixels) or whatever units you use, if the value is 0 (zero).
You can see in the example below, the elements for this site are set to be 20px (pixels) from the body

body{
margin: 20px;
background: #eeeeee;
font-size: small;
font-family: Tahoma, Arial, "Trebuchet MS", Helvetica, sans-
serif;
text-align: left;
}


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